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GMAT语法的解题思路及技巧

BBINAPP下载来源:网络 2020-07-21 14:27:46

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写在前面:偶获“GWD_31-语法详解”一份,阅之,见差错甚多,恐贻祸后人。遂逐一校正。然想此事也本非朝夕之功,之盼得一份耕耘一份收获,求放心而已。

GWD-1-Q1:

BBINAPP下载During her presidency of the short-lived Woman’s State Temperance Society (1852-1853), Elizabeth Cady Stanton, as she was a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in her suggestion that drunkenness should be made sufficient cause for divorce.

BBINAPP下载A. as she was a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in her suggestion that drunkenness should be

B. as she was a staunch advocate for liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters by her suggestion of drunkenness being

BBINAPP下载C. in being a staunch advocate for liberalized divorce laws, had scandalized many of her most ardent supporters with the suggestion of drunkenness being

D. a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters by suggesting that drunkenness be

E. a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, she scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in suggesting that drunkenness should be

原解释

BBINAPP下载staunch,adj,坚定的

BBINAPP下载scandalize,v,生反感

BBINAPP下载A,in her suggestion that不简洁,unidiomatic

BBINAPP下载B,by her suggestion of不简洁

BBINAPP下载C,in being,with the suggestion of不简洁

BBINAPP下载D is the best,by suggesting idiomatic,suggest that +虚拟语气省略should(drunkenness be)。

E,最后的should可以省略,scnadzlized前面多了个she

Being 一般是错误答案的标志。

思路:首先注意到中间的是插入成分,句子主谓结构和时态选择排除掉C,E选项,再根据suggest的简洁用法,得到D选项。而且ETS比较喜欢同位语的插入用法,简洁。

解释

BBINAPP下载对于每一道GMAT SC题目.最稳健的判断方法永远是从逻辑意思出发,我们最终选择的是表达最好的,什么叫表达最好呢?就是这个句子的语法表达和作者所期望的逻辑意思表达最贴近。所以对于每一个句子如果我们的GMATer真的要做到100%的正确,我们必须要读准句子的意思。

第一步,把握句子的逻辑意思:

当然这一步是难的,因为我们在读题干的时候其实并不知道究竟提干正确与否。所以这时候我们首先要把握的是要把握句子的各个部分的信息,然后自己把它组合起来。

这句话(原句)的信息有下面这些:

BBINAPP下载信息1:在其WSTS主席任期中

BBINAPP下载信息2:自由离婚法案坚定的支持者,或者 她是自由离婚法案坚定的支持者

信息3:ECS让她的众多狂热支持者感到反感

信息4:建议宿醉应该可以被作为离婚的充分理由

以上这4个信息就是我们从原句中读出的分立的信息。然后我们按照正常的逻辑把这几个信息组合起来,首先“在其WSTS主席任期中”肯定描述了句子发生的时间,而后面“自由离婚法案坚定的支持者”肯定是描述ECS的,再后面“建议宿醉应该可以被作为离婚的充分理由”一定是在描述“ECS”是如何“让她的众多狂热支持者感到反感”。整理清楚这些东西,我们可以判断这句话的意思是这样的:

BBINAPP下载在其WSTS主席任期中,ECS,一位自由离婚法案坚定的支持者,因其建议宿醉应该可以被作为离婚的充分理由而使她的众多狂热支持者感到反感。

第二步,对比选项,找出差别点,从而找出考点:

BBINAPP下载A. as she was a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in her suggestion that drunkenness should be

BBINAPP下载B. as she was a staunch advocate for liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters by her suggestion of drunkenness being

BBINAPP下载C. in being a staunch advocate for liberalized divorce laws, had scandalized many of her most ardent supporters with the suggestion of drunkenness being

BBINAPP下载D. a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, scandalized many of her most ardent supporters by suggesting that drunkenness be

E. a staunch advocate of liberalized divorce laws, she scandalized many of her most ardent supporters in suggesting that drunkenness should be

BBINAPP下载另外,由于我们句子的核心意思是在告诉我们 ECS是如何得罪她的支持者的,这个时候描述 how 这一类动词的动作性状语,一定使用 介词+ing 这个结构最具有表现力,而不要使用 介词 + 名词这个结构,因为我们要强调由ECS所发出的suggest这个动作,所以DE > ABC

最终,对于介词+ing结构里面,如果用in suggesting 这句话的意思是 ECS在建议什么什么的过程中得罪了谁,而如果用by suggesting这句话的意思就是 ECS因为建议什么什么而得罪了谁。通过我们对句子的理解,很明显这里suggest这个动作和主句谓语的scandalize是有一定因果关系的,所以by比in好 D > E

BBINAPP下载以上简单介绍了GMAT语法的解题思路及技巧,考生可以据此进行针对性的练习,掌握并熟练应用GMAT语法的解题技巧,从而在短期内提升GMAT语法成绩。

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